In this tutorial, you will find diagrams of patterns of all the primary symmetry types. The diagrams will help you to better grasp the nature of symmetry, which is a good starting point for the creation of complex seamless patterns. We also create a simple geometric pattern, in Arabian style, using Artlandia SymmetryWorks. This Illustrator plug-in produces all symmetries and makes the job of constructing geometric patterns much easier. So let's get started!
There are exactly 17 possible types of symmetry of surface patterns. This number is determined strictly mathematically. Types of symmetry, or symmetry groups, differ by the presence of reflection, rotation, and the shape of the repeating unit. Instead of describing each symmetry type, we simply portray them as diagrams. The basic repeating unit is shown in blue, with the white letter F depicting the source element of the pattern or the pattern seed (motif). Gray figures and letters F show the distribution of repeating units. In the upper-left corner of each diagram, you can find an icon that corresponds to the symmetry in the SymmetryWorks panel; and in the part on the right, we give an example pattern of that symmetry type.
Diagrams of primary symmetry controls
Simple shift (p1)
Glide reflection (pg)
Mirror & glide (cm)
You can read full version of this tutorial on Artlandia SymmetryWorks....